Irregular Verbs in English [English Grammar] 1

Irregular Verbs in English [English Grammar]

Irregular Verbs in English [English Grammar]

Irregular verbs vs Regular Verbs

A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns (“-s”, “-ed”). A verb whose conjugation follows a different pattern is called an irregular verb.

For example

Verbs such as play, associate are regular, since they form their inflected parts by adding the typical endings -s, and -ed, to give forms such as plays, associated.

On the other hand, verbs such as drink, hit and have are irregular, since some of their parts are not made according to the typical pattern – drank and drunk (not “drinked”); hit (as past tense and past participle, not “hitted”) and has and had (not “haves” and “haved”).

Please note that many of the most frequent verbs are irregular. Thus it is essential to learn all the English irregular verbs.

Irregular verbs in English

Base Form (and present)Past SimplePast Participle
alightalighted, alitalighted, alit
arisearosearisen
awakeawoke, awakedawoken, awaked
be (am, is, are)was (were)been
bearboreborne (born)
beatbeatbeaten/beat
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
bereavebereavedbereaved (bereft)
beseechbesoughtbesought
betbet/bettedbet/betted
bidbidbid
bidbade/bid/biddedbidden/bid/bidded
bidebided/bodebided/bidden
bindboundbound (bounden)
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburned/burntburnt/burned
burstburst/burstedburst/bursted
buyboughtbought
cancould
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
chidechode/chided/chidchidden/chided
choosechosechosen
cleave1clove/clavecloven/claven
cleave2cleft/cleavedcleft/cleaved
clingclang/clungclung
clotheclothedclothed (clad)
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
crowcrowed/crewcrowed/crown[kroʊn]
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
divedived/dovedived/dove
do (does[dʌz])diddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamed
drinkdrank/drunkdrunk (drunken)
drivedrovedriven
dwelldwelt/dwelleddwelt/dwelled
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fitfit/fittedfit/fitted
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forsakeforsookforsaken
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgotten/got
girdgirdedgirded (girt)
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
hanghung/hangedhung/hanged
have (has)hadhad
hearheardheard
hewhewedhewed/hewn
hidehidhid/hidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt/kneeledknelt/kneeled
knitknit/knittedknit/knitted
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleaned/leantleaned/leant
leapleaped/leaptleaped/leapt
learnlearned/learntlearned/learnt
leaveleftleft
loadloadedloaded (laden)
loselostlost (lorn)
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lightlit/lightedlit/lighted
makemademade
maymight
mean [miːn]meant [mɛnt]meant [mɛnt]
meetmetmet
meltmeltedmelted (molten)
mowmowedmowed/mown
paypaidpaid
pleadpleaded/pledpleaded/pled
proveprovedproved/proven
putputput
quitquitquit
read [riːd]read [rɛd]read [rɛd]
rendrentrent
ridrid/riddedrid/ridden
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
sawsawedsawed/sawn
say (says[sɛz])said [sɛd]said [sɛd]
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
seetheseethedseethed (sodden)
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewed/sewn
shakeshookshaken
shallshould
shapeshapedshaped (shapen)
shaveshavedshaved (shaven)
shearshore/shearedshorn/sheared
shedshedshed
shineshined/shoneshined/shone
shitshit/shatshit/shat
shoeshoed/shodshoed/shod
shootshotshot
showshowedshown/showed
shrinkshrank/shrunkshrunk (shrunken)
shriveshroveshriven
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksank/sunksunk (sunken)
sitsatsat
slayslew/slayedslain/slayed
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid/slidden
slingslung/slangslung
slinkslunk/slankslunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelled/smeltsmelled/smelt
smitesmote/smitsmitten
sneaksneaked/snucksneaked/snuck
sowsowedsowed/sown
speakspokespoken
speedsped/speededsped/speeded
spellspelled/speltspelled/spelt
spendspentspent
spillspilled/spiltspilled/spilt
spinspan/spunspun
spitspit/spatspit/spat
splitsplitsplit
spoilspoiled/spoiltspoiled/spoilt
spreadspreadspread
springsprang/sprungsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstang/stungstung
stinkstank/stunkstunk
strewstrew/strewedstrewn/strewed
stridestrode/stridedstridden/strided
strikestruckstruck (stricken)
stringstrungstrung
strivestrove/strivedstriven/strived
swearsworesworn
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswelled (swollen)
swimswamswum
swingswang/swungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
thrivethrove/thrivedthrived/thriven
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrusted/thrustthrusted/thrust
treadtrodtrodden/trod
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
weavewovewoven
wedwed/weddedwed/wedded
weepweptwept
wetwet/wettedwet/wetted
willwould
winwonwon
wind[waɪnd]wound [waʊnd]wound [waʊnd]
workworkedworked (wrought)
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten

Irregular Verbs in English [English Grammar] 2

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