Learn the Irregular Verbs in English with Useful Examples 1

Learn the Irregular Verbs in English with Useful Examples

Irregular Verbs! Learn the list of irregular verbs in English.

Irregular Verbs vs Regular Verbs

A regular verb is any verb whose conjugation follows the typical pattern, or one of the typical patterns (“-s”, “-ed”). A verb whose conjugation follows a different pattern is called an irregular verb.

For example:

Verbs such as play, associate are regular since they form their inflected parts by adding the typical endings -s, and -ed, to give forms such as plays, associated.

On the other hand, verbs such as drink, hit and have been irregular, since some of their parts are not made according to the typical pattern – drank and drunk (not “drinked”); hit (as past tense and past participle, not “hitted”) and has and had (not “haves” and “haved”).

Please note that many of the most frequent verbs are irregular. Thus it is essential to learn all the English irregular verbs.

Irregular Verbs in English

Base Form (and present) Past Simple Past Participle
alight alighted, alit alighted, alit
arise arose arisen
awake awoke, awaked awoken, awaked
be (am, is, are) was (were) been
bear bore borne (born)
beat beat beaten/beat
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bereave bereaved bereaved (bereft)
beseech besought besought
bet bet/betted bet/betted
bid bid bid
bid bade/bid/bidded bidden/bid/bidded
bide bided/bode bided/bidden
bind bound bound (bounden)
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned/burnt burnt/burned
burst burst/bursted burst/bursted
buy bought bought
can could
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
chide chode/chided/chid chidden/chided
choose chose chosen
cleave1 clove/clave cloven/claven
cleave2 cleft/cleaved cleft/cleaved
cling clang/clung clung
clothe clothed clothed (clad)
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
crow crowed/crew crowed/crown[kroʊn]
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived/dove dived/dove
do (does[dʌz]) did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed
drink drank/drunk drunk (drunken)
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt/dwelled dwelt/dwelled
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fit fit/fitted fit/fitted
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
get got gotten/got
gird girded girded (girt)
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung/hanged hung/hanged
have (has) had had
hear heard heard
hew hewed hewed/hewn
hide hid hid/hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt/kneeled knelt/kneeled
knit knit/knitted knit/knitted
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned/leant leaned/leant
leap leaped/leapt leaped/leapt
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
leave left left
load loaded loaded (laden)
lose lost lost (lorn)
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
make made made
may might
mean [miːn] meant [mɛnt] meant [mɛnt]
meet met met
melt melted melted (molten)
mow mowed mowed/mown
pay paid paid
plead pleaded/pled pleaded/pled
prove proved proved/proven
put put put
quit quit quit
read [riːd] read [rɛd] read [rɛd]
rend rent rent
rid rid/ridded rid/ridden
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw sawed sawed/sawn
say (says[sɛz]) said [sɛd] said [sɛd]
see saw seen
seek sought sought
seethe seethed seethed (sodden)
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewed/sewn
shake shook shaken
shall should
shape shaped shaped (shapen)
shave shaved shaved (shaven)
shear shore/sheared shorn/sheared
shed shed shed
shine shined/shone shined/shone
shit shit/shat shit/shat
shoe shoed/shod shoed/shod
shoot shot shot
show showed shown/showed
shrink shrank/shrunk shrunk (shrunken)
shrive shrove shriven
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank/sunk sunk (sunken)
sit sat sat
slay slew/slayed slain/slayed
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid/slidden
sling slung/slang slung
slink slunk/slank slunk
slit slit slit
smell smelled/smelt smelled/smelt
smite smote/smit smitten
sneak sneaked/snuck sneaked/snuck
sow sowed sowed/sown
speak spoke spoken
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded
spell spelled/spelt spelled/spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilled/spilt spilled/spilt
spin span/spun spun
spit spit/spat spit/spat
split split split
spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang/sprung sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stang/stung stung
stink stank/stunk stunk
strew strew/strewed strewn/strewed
stride strode/strided stridden/strided
strike struck struck (stricken)
string strung strung
strive strove/strived striven/strived
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swelled (swollen)
swim swam swum
swing swang/swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive throve/thrived thrived/thriven
throw threw thrown
thrust thrusted/thrust thrusted/thrust
tread trod trodden/trod
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
wed wed/wedded wed/wedded
weep wept wept
wet wet/wetted wet/wetted
will would
win won won
wind[waɪnd] wound [waʊnd] wound [waʊnd]
work worked worked (wrought)
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written