Parts of Speech in English [English Grammar Lessons]

Parts of Speech in English [English Grammar Lessons]

A part of speech is a category of words which have similar grammatical properties. Words that are assigned to the same part of speech generally display similarly—they play similar roles within the grammatical structure of sentences. Commonly listed English parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, conjunction, interjection (08 parts of speech).

Many English words can belong to more than one part of speech. Words like neigh, break, outlaw, laser, microwave, and telephone might all be either verbs or nouns.

This is a summary of the eight parts of speech.

Parts of Speech Table

Parts of speech

FunctionsExample words

Example sentences

Nouna word or lexical item denoting any abstract or concrete entitya person (police officer, Michael), place (coastline, London), thing  (necktie, television), idea (happiness), or quality (bravery)The cat sat on the mat.
Verba word denoting an action (walk), occurrence (happen), or state of being (be)an action (walk), occurrence (happen), or state of being (be)That idea is interesting
Tell me something interesting.
Adjectivea modifier of a noun or pronounbig, braveThat’s an interesting idea
Adverba modifier of an adjective, verb, or other adverbvery, quiteFrankly, I don’t believe you
Pronouna substitute for a noun or noun phrasethem, heThat reminds me of something.
Prepositiona word that relates a noun to another word or phrase in the sentence and aids in syntactic contextin, ofThe cat is in the box
Conjunctiona syntactic connector; links words, phrases, or clausesand, butHe is not only handsome, but also brilliant.
Interjectionan emotional greeting or exclamationHurrah, Alas, wellWell, that’s great
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