Prepositional Phrases with BY, AT, IN & FOR in English

Prepositional phrases act as single parts of speech. They usually act as adjectives or adverbs.

Prepositional Phrases with AT

  • at the age of

E.g. I learned to drive at the age of 21.

  • at the beginning of

E.g. I joined a gym at the beginning of the year.

  • at the bottom of

E.g. There’s a shop at the bottom of this hill.

  • at all costs

E.g. I need to pass this exam at all costs.

  • at one’s desk

E.g. My manager spoke to me at my desk.

  • at the door

E.g. There’s somebody at the door.

  • at the end

E.g. I’m going to Madrid at the end of month.

  • at fault

E.g. Who was at fault for the accident?

  • at first

E.g. At first, I was happy here but now I’m not.

Prepositional Phrases with FOR

  • for nothing

E.g. I can’t believe it’s closed. I came all this way for nothing.

  • for once

E.g. Late again! For once, can you try to arrive on time?

  • for the rest of

E.g. I could live here for the rest of my life.

  • for safekeeping

E.g. At the gym, I put my stuff in a locker for safekeeping.

  • for somebody’s sake

E.g. Maria was upset so I had to be calm for her sake.

  • for the sake of

E.g. They stayed together for the sake of their children.

  • for sale

E.g. There’s a lovely house for sale at the end of this street.

  • for short

E.g. My name is John but my family call me J for short.

Prepositional Phrases with BY

  • by heart

E.g. At school we had to learn poems by heart.

  • by invitation

E.g. Membership to the club is by invitation only.

  • by land/sea/air

E.g. I get sick whenever I travel by sea.

  • by law

E.g. Dog owners must have a licence for the pets by law.

  • by luck

E.g. They played badly but won the match by luck.

  • by means of

E.g. I was able to afford the car by means of a bank loan.

  • by mistake

E.g. I chose the wrong road by mistake. Now we’re lost.

  • by nature

E.g. German people tend to be quite organised by nature.

  • by no means

E.g. It’s by no means certain that the economy will improve.

  • by now

E.g. If you don’t know me by now, you’ll never know me.

  • by oneself

E.g. I don’t mind spending time by myself.

  • by phone

E.g. Get in touch with me by phone if you need any help.

Prepositional Phrases with IN

  • in a hurry

E.g. I can’t talk right now as I’m in a hurry.

  • in a mess

E.g. The whole house is in a mess. We need to tidy it today.

  • in a way

E.g. Can money buy happiness? In a way, I think so.

  • in action

E.g. I went to Camp Nou to see Lionel Messi in action last week.

  • in addition (to)

E.g. In addition to feeling tired, I felt a bit sick.

  • in advance (of)

E.g. It’s a busy restaurant so we should book a table in advance.

  • in agreement with

E.g. I’m in agreement with many of the views of my classmates.

  • in any case

E.g. I don’t want to go and in any case, I wasn’t invited.

  • in brief

E.g. The interview was, in brief, a complete disaster.

in case (+ clause)

E.g. Take an umbrella in case it rains.

  • in case of (+ noun)

E.g. In case of emergency, dial 911.

  • in cash

E.g. I’d prefer to pay in cash, if you don’t mind.

  • in charge of

E.g. Our president is too incompetent to be in charge of the economy.

  • in common (with)

E.g. I have a lot of in common with my best friend.

  • in comparison with

E.g. The weather in Scotland is awful in comparison with Italy.

  • in conclusion

E.g. In conclusion, I believe we should do more to help the poor.

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