Verb Tenses in English

English tenses are of three types: Present, Past and future. Tenses are divided on the basis of time.

Past Simple & Present Perfect Tenses

 

Verb Tenses in English 1

The Past Continuous Tense

 

Verb Tenses in English 2

The Past Perfect Tense

 

Verb Tenses in English 3

Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous

 

Verb Tenses in English 4

Present Simple & Present Continuous Tenses

 

Verb Tenses in English 5

Present Perfect Simple & Present Perfect Continuous Tenses

 

Verb Tenses in English 6

The Future Continuous Tense

 

Verb Tenses in English 7

Future Tense: Will or Be Going to

 

Verb Tenses in English 8

How to Use Prepositions AT – IN – ON

IN, ON and AT are used as both time prepositions and place prepositions in English.

How to Use Prepositions AT – IN – ON 9

Prepositions of Time

IN

  • in the morning
  • in the afternoon
  • in the evening
  • in February
  • in March
  • in the summer
  • in the winter
  • in the autumn
  • in the spring
  • in 1999

ON

  • on Monday
  • on Sunday
  • on April 1st
  • on the 11th
  • on the first day
  • on the last day
  • on my birthday
  • on Christmas day
  • on Easter day
  • on holiday
  • on my wedding day
  • on that day

AT

  • at 9 o’clock
  • at midday
  • at noon
  • at dusk
  • at dawn
  • at night
  • at the weekend
  • at Christmas
  • at Easter
  • at the moment
  • at that time
  • at the beginning
  • at the end

How to Use Prepositions AT – IN – ON 10

Prepositions of Place

AT

  • at The Empire State Building
  • at the corner
  • at the bus stop
  • at the door
  • at the top of page
  • at the end of the road
  • at the entrance
  • at the crossroads
  • at the front desk
  • at a conference
  • at a party

IN

  • In a box.
  • In a room.
  • In a country.
  • in a traffic jam
  • in Time Square
  • in a building
  • in a car
  • in a taxi
  • in a boat
  • in a helicopter
  • in a lift (elevator)
  • in the living – room
  • in the article
  • in England

ON

  • on the table.
  • on the floor.
  • on the chair.
  • on a table
  • on a wall
  • on the floor
  • on the roof
  • on the menu
  • on the page
  • on the door
  • on the shelf

How to Use Prepositions AT – IN – ON 11

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English

“Dis” Prefix

1. Disable

2. Disabuse

3. Disaccommodate

4. Disaccommodation

5. Disaccordant

6. Disbalance

7. Disband

8. Disbar

9. Disbark

10. Disbase

11. Disbecome

12. Disbelief

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 12

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 13

“Im” Prefix

1. Impatient

2. Immoral

3. Imbalance

4. Immature

5.Impartial

6. Impenetrable

7. Imperfect

8. Impolite

9. Immortal

10. Impossible

11. Impotent

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 14

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 15

“Mis” Prefix

1. Mischan

2. Mischannel

3. Mischaracterisation

4. Mischaracterise

5. Mischaracterize

6. Mischarge

7. Mischoice

8. Mischoose

9. Miscontinuance

10. Miscontrol

11. Misconversion

12. Misconvert

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 16

“In” Prefix

1. Insecure

2. Inaccurate

3. Inadmissible

4. Inadvertently

5. Indifferent

6. Incapable

7. Incomparable

8. Incomplete

9. Inconvenience

10. Incorrect

11. Independence

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 17

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 18

“Un” Prefix

1. Unfamiliar

2. Unfair

3. Unexpected

4. Unfit

5. Untie

6. Unveil

7. Unwrap

8. Undo

Antonyms List Using Common Prefixes in English 19

Commonly Confused Words: 20+ Word Pairs that Confuse Absolutely Everyone

Learn list of 20+ English Word Pairs that Confuse Absolutely Everyone. Commonly Confused Words in English.

1.TO vs. FOR

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2. TOO vs. ENOUGH

 Commonly Confused Words: 20+ Word Pairs that Confuse Absolutely Everyone 21

3. GO vs. COME

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4. HOW MUCH vs. HOW MANY

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  •  MUCH is used with uncountable nouns (a large amount of something), such as tea, sugar, water, air, rice, knowledge, beauty, anger, fear, love, money, etc. When using much, the noun will always be singular; it cannot be plural.
  • MANY is used with countable nouns(a large number of things) such as book, idea,dog,car,etc. When using many, the noun will always be plural.

5. BETWEEN vs. AMONG

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6. HOUSE vs. HOME

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7. NEITHER vs. EITHER

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  • Neither can also be followed by (one) of + group of two:  “Neither of them is ready”.
  • Neither… nor is equivalent to not… either… or: “Neither  John nor Sophia will be there”.
  • Neither is used like not… either: “I don’t speak English. Neither do I – (informal): Me neither”.

 

  • Either can also be followed by (one) of + group of two: “Either of us could do it”.
  • Either… or is used to offer a choice between two possibilities: “Either John or Sophia will be there”.
  • Not… either… or denies both possibilities: “I don’t think either John or Sophia will be there”.
  • Not… either is used after a negative statement: “I don’t speak English. You don’t either”.

8. EVERY DAY vs. EVERYDAY

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9.  CAN vs. COULD

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10. BEEN TO vs. GONE TO

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11. DURING vs. WHILE

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12. ON TIME vs. IN TIME

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13. MISS vs. LOSE

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14. BY vs. UNTIL

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15. I WISH vs. IF ONLY

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16. HAVE vs. HAVE GOT

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17. RAISE vs. RISE

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18. ONLY vs. JUST

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19. HAVE vs. HAVE GOT

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20. LIKE vs. AS

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21. JOB vs. WORK

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Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English

Phrasal verb is the name given to an English verb which is composed of two or three words.

Phrasal verbs: Environment

1. wipe outdestroy something completely

Whole villages were wiped out by the floods.

2. break downdecompose, when something slowly reduces to its smallest parts

Plastics do not break down quickly. It takes hundreds of year for a plastic bottle to decompose.

3. scale backreduce the amount or size of something

The country has scaled back its use of fossil fuels and has started investing in renewable energy.

4. use upfinish a supply of something

I worry that we will use up the world’s non-renewable resources.

5. freeze overbecome frozen

The lake has frozen over.

6. chop downmake a tree fall down by cutting it with a sharp tool

Large areas of rainforest are being chopped down every day.

 

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 41

Phrasal Verbs: Health

1. break outstart suddenly

I’ve broken out in a rash.

2. fight offfree yourself from an illness

Elaine’s fighting off a cold.

3. come tobecome conscious

Has he come to yet?

4. get overrecover from something

It’s taken me ages to get over the flu.

5. come down withbecome sick

I think I’m coming down with a cold.

6. throw upbe sick, vomit

Georgia was bent over the basin, throwing up.

 

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 42

Phrasal Verbs for Business

1. Branch outExpand or extend one’s interests

The supermarkets have branched out into banking.

2. Break intoEnter (with effort or force)

It’s always been his ambition to break into broadcasting.

3. Carry onContinue

He moved to New York to carry on his work

4. Back upMake a copy of information

It’s a good idea to back up your files onto a memory stick.

5. Carry outDo and complete a task

The building work was carried out by a local contractor.

6. Find outDiscover a fact or piece of information

Can you find out what our customers think of their local bus service?

7. Call offCancel something

With the weather worsening, they have called off their field trip.

8. Drop inMake a short visit somewhere

I will drop in tomorrow morning.

9. Fill outComplete (a form)

It took me several hours to fill out the application form.

10. Bail outTo rescue somebody from a difficult situation, especially financial problems

Some local businesses have offered to bail out the museum.

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 43

Phrasal Verbs about Food and Cooking

1. Bake offFinish baking partly baked food

She baked off the cakes in the oven.

2. Boil awayCause liquid to evaporate completely by boiling

The soup’s almost boiled away.

3. Boil overCause liquid to rise and flow over the side of the container

The milk was boiling over on the stove behind her.

4. Bolt downEat a large amount of food very quickly

She bolted down her lunch and rushed back to work.

5. Cut upCut something into small pieces

He cut the pie up into little pieces.

6. Eat outEat in a restaurant instead of at home

Do you feel like eating out tonight?

7. Slice offCut something from a larger piece

She sliced off a piece of sausage.

8. Whip upQuickly make a meal or something to eat

She whipped up a delicious lunch for us in 15 minutes.

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 44

Travel Phrasal Verbs

1. Check outLeave the hotel after paying

We checked out at noon.

2. Set offStart a journey

We set off for Paris just after ten.

3. Get inArrive (train, plane)

The train got in late.

4. Take offWhen a plane departs or leaves the ground

The plane took off an hour late.

5. Check inArrive and register at a hotel or airport

Please check in at least an hour before departure.

6. Get offLeave a bus, train, plane

We get off at the next station.

 

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 45

Most Useful Phrasal Verbs in English 46

 

 

Common English Phrasal Verbs with COME

Common English Phrasal Verbs with COME

Come about: Happen, occur

The meeting came about because both sides were sick of fighting

Come about: Shift direction

The yacht came about to a heading of 240 degrees

Come across: Give the impression of being this way

She comes across rude but she’s actually nice

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Come across something: Find something by chance/ find accidentally

I came across $20 when I was cleaning

Come along: Accompany

May I come along on your trip tomorrow? 

Come along: Move faster or keep up

Come along, we’ll never get there if you don’t keep up with us

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Come apart: Break into pieces

It came apart when I tried to lift it off the floor and I had to glue it back together

Come around: Recover consciousness

It took several hours after the operation before he came around

Come around to: Agree with or accept something you had previously disapproved of or disliked

They have started coming around to our way of thinking and are less hostile

Come back: Return

I left work and came back home early 

Come before: Appear in court charged with a crime or offence

He came before the court on charges of speeding

Come by: To get, acquire

How did you come by that Rolex?

Adverbs of Frequency [English Grammar]

Adverbs of Frequency

Video: Adverbs of Frequency

An adverb of frequency tells us how often something takes place. We often place adverbs of frequency in these positions.

Positions Examples
At the beginning of the sentence Occasionally, often, sometimes, usually, always, …
Always wash your hands before the meal!
Often he walked.
Sometimes I go skating.
At the end of the sentence Frequently, occasionally, sometimes, often, …
We read books occasionally.
They like to watch TV often.
We go to school by bike sometimes.
Between the subject and the main verb Always, often, usually, seldom, rarely, never, …
Do you often go to the cinema?
I sometimes watch Chinese films.
She never eats vegetables.
I always read comic books.
They rarely watch music channels.
Immediately after the verb “to be Always, often, usually, seldom, rarely, never, …
I am always worried about my study result.
She is usually very happy.
I have never done anything bad.
She is always cooking spaghetti.
You are seldom anxious about my health.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image: Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of Frequency [English Grammar] 48[the_ad id=’12880′]

Adverbs of frequency Example
100% Always I always wake up at 7 o’clock.
90% Usually I usually come home after school.
80% Normally/ Generally I normally swim after work.
70% Often/ Frequently I often spend Christmas with friends
50% Sometimes I sometimes play tennis on the weekend.
30% Occasionally I occasionally eat Vietnamese food
10% Seldom I seldom go to the library.
5% Rarely / Hardly ever I rarely listen to the radio.
0% Never I never listen to rock music.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thank you for reading my post. Hope you enjoy this! 🙂

13 Essential Tips You Need to Know for the TOEFL Test

Many individuals think of leaving their own country in pursuit of a way to enhance their financial condition while others depart in search of significantly better education. Whatever the reason, it is obvious that migration will be the solution individuals come up with in terms of enhancing their lifestyles. This can easily be a good reason why the non-native speakers do take the Test of English as a Foreign Language, or simply the TOEFL. In the subsequent paragraphs, we will mention 13 essential TOEFL tips.

1 – Find out the score specifications

Before beginning to study, determine what the specifications are for the educational institutions you’re interested in going to. Keep in mind that the scores for the paper-based examination are not the same as that of the iBT. Several institutions will evaluate your scores from various sections. A lot of universities are expecting you to attain better writing abilities than speaking skills.

2- Understand the TOEFL format

Many countries currently provide the Internet-based TOEFL or iBT. Several others offer just the paper-based test or PBT. Ensure that you find out which particular test you’ll be taking before you begin studying for the exam. You cannot take the paper based test if the country where you reside offers the iBT. One particular reason why folks experience examination tension is because they do not understand what to expect prior to a test. Avoid tension on the examination day by mastering the format of the exam in detail.

3 – Master the English language

The TOEFL will determine your capability to succeed in an university or college in America. It’s not necessary to learn about the corporate world as you actually do in the TOEIC examination. On the other hand, you need to focus on learning a language which you would listen to and see on the campus as well as in the classroom. You must also watch modern television serials and films. In case you have a buddy who visits an English university or college, go to class along with him as frequently as possible.

4 – Make use of practice tests

The simplest way to get ready for the TOEFL would be to practice doing the tests. In case you are taking a TOEFL course, your instructor will offer you lots of material. If you’re studying by yourself, you need to buy several important resources. Look for a textbook which has exercises, practice tests, CDs, as well as informative solutions.

5 – Look for an instructor

A dependable native English instructor who knows a great deal regarding the TOEFL is among the most effective resources students can have. You may have lots of queries that your textbook cannot solve for you. It is crucial that you have somebody who will reply all your questions and also motivate you while you feel down.

6 – Develop your endurance

The TOEFL examination requires a long time to write. In case you are appearing for the paper-based test it requires around 2 hours. The iBT is significantly longer. You should be prepared to be at your computer for at least 4 hours. Quite a few students have got an attention period of approximately 2 hours. It is the maximum length of the majority of the classes. After this timeframe, performance begins to deteriorate. In case you keep the study periods to 1 or 2 hours, your brain won’t be ready to work for four. Begin with brief study periods, and gradually build up to longer ones.

7 – Enhance your typing abilities

You will need to fill out all the answers on your computer and type the essay. In case you depend on a couple of fingers to type, think about improving your typing abilities prior to appearing for the TOEFL. Ensure that you are able to type on a QWERTY computer keyboard. If you are not, look for typing practice exercises on the web.

8 – Turn up well prepared

In case you reach the test center with all the things you require, you are going to feel relaxed and prepared. If you’re writing the paper-based test, you ought to have several pencils, a few erasers and also a pencil sharpener. Additionally, it is essential that your ID looks legitimate. In case you have had issues with your identification before, ensure that you bring a backup photograph.

9 – Reply to every single question

Never ever leave any question blank. Get rid of all the answers which you realize are incorrect and after that make an informed guess. You do have a 25% possibility of getting the right answer. Once you complete a question, attempt to erase it from your mind.

10 – Tips for the TOEFL Listening segment

While you are training for the listening segment, avoid playing the tape or even CD over and over again. On the actual test, you can only listen to everything once. You need to train your ears to pay attention thoroughly the first time. At the time of the real examination, avoid looking back at a listening query once you have chosen an answer. You simply cannot alter it. The clock won’t start operating till you begin the answers. Learn how to listen to the key ideas, presentation as well as important details.

11 – Tips for the Reading segment

The iBT doesn’t check grammar separately as the earlier TOEFL assessments did. You will nevertheless require proving that you do have a solid understanding of English grammar in the speaking as well as writing segments. You will find useful references for this purpose. Remember that you don’t have to know every single word inside a reading passage to reply to the questions. In regards to the questions, focus on the areas which the queries refer to. Go through the passage, look at questions, and then read for further detail. You are going to be asked no less than 2 vocabulary queries from every single reading. Additionally, you will be questioned some comprehensive queries as well as some inference ones. You won’t have the time to reread an entire passage.

12 – Tips for the Writing segment

It is important to keep the writing clear and simple. You won’t have access to any spell check functionality. Avoid using vocabulary as well as punctuation which you’re unsure of. Invest some time organizing the essay before you decide to write it. While you practice, look for a format which you’re comfortable with. Make use of this particular format every single time. Ensure that you use plenty of examples to back up your essay.

13 – Tips for the TOEFL Speaking segment

It is alright to hesitate for a few moments once you need to respond. Nevertheless, it is advisable to spend as much of the time as you can with your answer. In case you have several extra seconds it is possible to sum things up in a brief ending. You are going to lose your marks for bad pronunciation, therefore don’t use big words which you cannot say correctly. Additionally, you will lose marks for inappropriate usage of idioms and vocabulary.

How to Write a Great Essay Quickly

Every one of us is able to write a perfect essay when we have enough time, but there comes a time you are required to write an essay quickly. This can be overwhelming at times but with the right planning and management of time, it is surely achievable.

This can be done whether it is in the examination room or it is because of a tight deadline that is imposed by the instructor that is unbeatable or due to a very busy schedule that made you do the essay in the last minute and any other reason. However, it is possible to deliver a great essay even when time is not on your side, and in this article, we will show you how to write a great essay quickly.

How to Write a Great Essay Quickly

Step 1: Spare few minutes to study the question and plan the essay.

You should spend about ten minutes planning the essay and studying the question carefully to understand it and make an outline for your essay. This may appear not to be important but will spare you time from rewriting or having to restructure your essay once you begin writing.

Step 2: Look over your summarized outline and put them into groups

You should ensure that every group is placed according to the topic or question that you’re expounding on. The groups should be in three major parts of the essay – the first part, the middle and the end. The first part must be catching to make the person reading it to be interested. The middle part supports and develops your main topic. Back all that you say up with citations and prove. In the end you will give a summary of the whole essay from beginning to end.

Step 3: Write down the topic you are writing about

This ought to be very basic simple and straightforward topic related to the essay. Brainstorm great ideas that somebody reading your topic will have an interest to read the essay. This helps you to consider related ideas while pretending to be a reader who knows literally nothing about the essay. What is the sentence you would use first to give them a peak their interest? It may be perhaps a question, or a basic statement. Keeping in mind your topic, clarify why you are taking the position you take, or why you trust that topic to be valid. This is the part where you use whatever number of truths to support your ideas the best way you can.

Step 4: Take few minutes to write the essay

Since you have the topic and an outline of your essay, you can concentrate on coming up with the content for every part of the essay. Try to use very few minutes on each paragraph. The same is to be applied on introduction and conclusions. Spend the last few minutes revising your presentation so it coordinates the tone and perspective of the rest of your essay.

Step 5: Write an introduction paragraph and Thesis statement

After you’ve composed your supporting facts and ideas, write a short introduction paragraph. Your introduction passage ought to contain an engaging first sentence that will catch the reader’s attention. Some students find it simpler to write a temporary introduction and update it once they are done with the essay. The thesis statement will revolve around the fundamental purpose of your essay. Choose what you need to pass on in your essay and write it down. This should to be clear and precise in your writing.

Step 6: Write your body paragraphs

Every passage ought to examine one main point of your outline, with at least one supporting illustration. Concentrate on placing every passage with one example at the least in your major point. Sign-post every passage by starting with a strong point linking to a supporting example of your primary point.

1. First paragraph topic 

You should list supporting quotes/references. This entails finding quotes from trustworthy sources that support what you’ve expressed inside your thesis and that identify with your topic in the first paragraph.

2. Second paragraph topic

This involves references from respectable sources that will support what you’ve expressed inside your thesis and that will identify with your topic in your second paragraph.

3. Third paragraph topic 

This paragraph includes main ideas that are from respectable sources and are supported by what you will have expressed inside your thesis and that identify with your topic in the third paragraph and so on.

Step 7: Summarize your thoughts in your conclusion

Make your conclusion paragraph to be clear and to the point. Abstain from presenting new thoughts or arguments in your conclusion. Rather, it should summarize and emphasize your main point. You may likewise need to incorporate last idea around the essay question.

Your conclusion ought to detail with how you will join the topics from all your previously mentioned topics and put them together into one strong point. Students usually mistake the conclusion paragraph to be a summary paragraph while it should be to drive you point home. It should mainly focus to putting together your paragraphs and solidify your thesis.

Step 8: List all references

If you are required to write down your reference to include in your essay, try to cite every reference, so you won’t need to scramble toward the end and go back to your sources to see where you found every citation. List every reference on your layout so it’s completed before you even finish your essay. That way, it’s one less thing to stress over.

Step 9: Use the last five minutes to proofread your essay

Search for any punctuation or any grammatical errors in the essay. You will need to do this after completing your essay. Peruse your essay keenly checking for any spelling issues and whether the sentences are making sense to the reader. If your essay reads well then you are ready to submit it confidently and rest.

Conclusion

As a student writing an essay can tricky at times depending with the topic but can also be a walk in the park. If you follow the above steps to the letter you are going to write the perfect essay in the shortest time possible.