Passive Voice in English: How to Use the Passive Voice with Different Tenses

The passive voice is a grammatical construction. The noun or noun phrase that would be the object of an active sentence (such as Our troops defeated the enemy) appears as the subject of a sentence with passive voice (e.g. The enemy was defeated by our troops).

For example:

“… that all men are created equal…”

“We have been cruelly deceived.”

“The captain was struck by a missile.”

“I got kicked in the face during the fight.”

Passive Voice in English: How to Use the Passive Voice with Different Tenses

We can use passive voice with most tenses.

To change the tense of a passive sentence, you change the form of the verb ‘be’. The main verb in a passive sentence is always in the past participle form.

Using the Passive Voice with Different Tenses

TensesSubjectVerbObject
Simple PresentActiveMarryservesthe food
PassiveThe foodis servedby Marry
Simple PastActiveMarryservedthe food
PassiveThe foodwas servedby Marry
Present PerfectActiveMarryhas servedthe food
PassiveThe foodhas been servedBy Marry
Future IActiveMarrywill servethe food
PassiveThe foodWill be servedby Marry
Present ProgressiveActiveMarryis servingthe food
PassiveThe foodis being servedby Marry
Past ProgressiveActiveMarrywas servingthe food
PassiveThe foodwas being servedby Marry
Past PerfectActiveMarryhad servedthe food
PassiveThe foodhad been servedby Marry
Future IIActiveMarrywill have servedthe food
PassiveThe foodwill have been servedby Marry
Conditional IActiveMarrywould servethe food
PassiveThe foodwould be servedby Marry
Conditional IIActiveMarrywould have servedthe food
PassiveThe foodwould have been servedby Marry
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